Core Facts

  • Population:  29M
  • GDP:  USD 38 billion
  • GDP per head:  USD 1,697
  • Unemployment (2017):  5.2%
  • Average monthly income (2017):  USD 418


There is no legal obligation to set up a Works Council but an employee has the right to join a Union.

Employees in more senior positions such as policy and decision making, managerial, holding a position of trust, performing duties that are of highly confidential nature or an agent of a shareholder of an undertaking, may not form or join trade unions.

The class of workers falling within a managerial role is determined by agreement between the employer and employees or their trade union.